The Observatory on Latin America invites you to the lecture: COLONIZED TEMPORALITIES, by Bolivian Anthropologist and Researcher from the Freie Universität Berlin, Carmen Ibáñez Cueto.
Carmen Ibáñez Cueto – Anthropologist, Researcher, Freie Universität Berlin
Ann Stoler – Professor of Anthropology, The New School for Social Research
Michael Cohen – Director OLA, The New School
Juan Manuel González Scobie – Senior Fellow, OLA, The New School
Many historical accounts of the Spanish conquest of the Americas depict this as the clash of different cultures. Professor Ibáñez will further deepen this characterization by using as an entry point the matter of temporalities, looking specifically at the high Andean region of South America. She argues that this contact between colonizers and colonized, in this case Aymara and Quechua peoples, brought together two forms of conceiving time that were very different. The result of this encounter was what she calls a chrono-structural mismatch, with important consequences that should be unveiled and understood.
Many analysts have suggested that the way people experience time is subjective, and that time is a social – cultural construct. Time for the Indians mentioned above is conceived as a moving spiral, whereas the Spanish introduced a linear and progressive notion of time.
She cites an Aymara proverb which affirms that people should walk in the present looking at the past, carrying the future on their backs. For them the future is a continuous return to the past. In contrast for Europeans the future is a continuous breaking with and overcoming the past. These different temporal imaginaries brought forth a challenging situation: a hybrid coexistence of temporalities in which colonizers sought to domesticate the notion and experience of time of the colonized, and the latter resisted the imposition of the Spanish imaginary.
Professor Ibáñez argues that this is not only a significant historical line of inquiry: it poses an important question for the present, which has guided her research for some years. How can a mixed society (“mestizo”), composed of people who still hold different temporal imaginaries, co- exist and project a common future? Do these visions collide, complement each other, or deny one another?
Tuesday, February 27, 2024
6PM – 8PM
University Center, Room 105
63 5th Avenue
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Presented by the Observatory on Latin America.