Presentation by Ambassador Ernesto Soberón Guzmán, Permanent Representative of Cuba to the United Nations, April 5, 2024, at The New School in New York.

The topic of Ambassador Soberón’s presentation was “An Update on U.S.-Cuba Relations in a Multi-Polar World”. This presentation placed current U.S.-Cuban relations in the broader historical framework of the impact of the U.S. embargo on Cuba which has had a massive economic, social, and political impact on Cuba. The embargo has not only limited the direct importation of needed good and services to Cuba, but has been expanded, particularly during the Trump presidency, to dramatically increase the cost to Cuba of its international trade and its ability to provide needed supplies for the country to face the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic consequences.

The Ambassador compared these impacts to the hope generated by the opening of U.S. relations with Cuba during the Obama Administration in 2015-2016, when many people in Cuba and the United States began to understand the mutual advantages of ending the embargo. Cuba continues to believe in the benefits of ending the embargo and is encouraged by the nearly unanimous vote by United Nations’ General Assembly to call for the end of the embargo in November 2023 (187 in favor, 2 against, 1 abstain). This resolution has been overwhelmingly voted and passed every year since 1992.

The Ambassador’s address was followed by a lengthy and dynamic conversation between the Ambassador and students and faculty of The New School, as well as by interested guests from the New York metropolitan area.

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