Applicants for Fellowship 1 must be citizens of and born in Argentina; applicants for Fellowship 2 must be citizens of and born in a South American country, except Argentina; while applicants for Fellowship 3 must be citizens of and born in any country of South America, including Argentina. That is to say that only citizens of and born in Argentina can apply for Fellowship 1; only citizens of and born in a South American country except Argentina can apply for Fellowship 2 (i.e. Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay, and Venezuela); and only citizens of and born in any South American country (including Argentina) can apply for Fellowship 3 (i.e. Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay, and Venezuela). In all the cases, applicants must be in the early stages of their careers, and have proven experience in both of the following two fields: In academia, they must have either completed a postgraduate degree (master or doctorate) within the past fifteen years or are currently working towards a postgraduate degree; In politics, public service, or in civil society, they must be either currently working or have previously worked in public service organizations of the state at the national, provincial, or municipal levels, or in a registered non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Applicants must have verifiable experience of a minimum of 4 years and maximum of 15 years in politics, public service, or in civil society. Applicants are required to have English proficiency (Internet-based TOEFL exam score of at least 100, or another test of equivalent level issued by a recognized institution).